links, sources, notes & publications



A Guide to New Books. “Roe, Frances M.A. Army Letters From an Officer’s Wife.” The Literary Digest. Vol. 39.  July 1909 – December 1909. 786-787. New York: Funk & Wagnall’s Company. Internet Archive: Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. 

Alexander, Eveline M. Myres, Sandra L, ed. with intro. Cavalry Wife: The Diary of Eveline M. Alexander, 1866-1867.  Texas: A&M UP, 1977. Google eBook.

Alexander, Leslie M. and Walter C. Rucker. “Buffalo Soldiers.” Encyclopedia of African American History. 685. ABC-CLIO. 2010. Google eBook.

Carlile, Richard. Every Woman’s Little Book; or, What is Love?  R.Carlile: London. 1828.

Carriker, Robert C. “Fort Supply, Indian Territory; Frontier, Outpost on the Plains.”  Norman: Oklahoma UP. 1970. Print.

Collins, Paul. The Trouble with Tom; the Strange Afterlife and Times of Thomas Paine.   Bloomsbury USA: 1st ed., (Oct. 19, 2005).

Cott, Nancy F. The Bonds Of Womanhood: “Woman’s Sphere” In New England, 1780-1835. Yale UP: 2nd ed., (July 21, 1997).

Davis, Jefferson. “The Papers of Jefferson Davis: 1871 – 1879.” LSU Press. Mar 12, 2012.  Google eBook.

Eales, Bruner Anne. “Army Wives on the American Frontier: Living by the Bugles.” Big Earth. 1996. Google eBook.

Foote, Edward B. Medical Common Sense; Applied to the Causes, Prevention and Cure of Chronic Diseases and Unhappiness in Marriage. Foote: New York, 1876. 

Forty-Eighth Annual Report of the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy. 12 June 1917. 67-72. USMA Library at West Point. USMA Digital Archive

Gray, Dorothy. Women of the West. 1976. Introd. Paula Mitchell Marks. Lincoln: Nebraska UP, 1998. Print.

Harper’s Weekly Magazine. “Camp Supply, Indian Territory.”  v 13., 27 Feb. 1869. Internet Archive.

Literary Digest. v39. 787. July 1909-Sept. 1909. Internet Archive. 

Nacy, Michele J. “Members of the Regiment: Army Officers’ Wives on the Western Frontier, 1865-1890.” Westwood: Greenwood P. 2000. Google eBook.

Roe, Frances M. A. Army Letters From an Officer’s Wife, 1871-1888. New York: D. Appleton, 1909.       Print. Internet Archive. 

Roe, Frances M.A.”Army Letters from an Officer’s Wife, 1871 – 1888.” Appleton’s Magazine, Vol XIII, No. 4 (p.411), No. 5 (602), No. 6 (p. 724). (1909). Google ebooks.

United States. Dept. of the Interior National Park Service. National Register of Historic Places Inventory. “Cimarron Redoubt, Kansas, and/or Deep Hole Redoubt.” April 1976.  For more information, visit the Kansas Historical Society.


  • Libraries, societies and websites too:
    • Arlington National CemeteryArlington National Cemetery. Federal Advisory Commission Charter. 2015. Web
    • Denver Public Library. Western and History Digital Photography Collection.

      Chamberlain, William G. Fort Lyon, Colorado. 1866-1888. Denver Lib.    

    • Corbin, Joyce. “Elizabeth Bacon Custer.” Kansas Historical Society. Apr. 2009. Web.
    • Library of Congress. “Prints and Photographs Online Catalog” (PPOC).

    •  Malvaney, EL. “Deupree’s Historic Homes: Porterfield, Vicksburg.Preservation in Mississippi; It ain’t all Moonlight and Magnolias. Web.  4 Apr. 2013.

    • MDAH, Mississippi Department of Archives and History. “Cooper Forrest Lamar Postcard Collection.”

    • MNHS, Minnesota Historical Society. Hill, Louis Warren, 1872-1948.
      • Indian Camp – St. Mary Lake, Glacier National Park, Montana,  Collections #2415.
      • Unidentified Native American smoking a peace pipe. Glacier National Park, Montana, Collections #2684.
    • NSHS. Nebraska State Historical Society.
    • Oklahoma Historical Society. “Fort Supply.”

    • United States. Dept. of the Interior. National Park Service. “On the Western Frontier.”  Presidio of San Francisco. Web.


Every Woman’s Little Book:

  • Republican Mother was first coined by Nancy Cott in her historical research about the new alliance between women and the Protestant church. The Bonds Of Womanhood: “Woman’s Sphere” In New England, 1780-1835, documents the relationship between the clergy and their female congregational members, especially mothers. Ministers propelled the transformation of women’s lives beyond the private sphere and into the public sphere. Cott states, “the advent of women’s new-founded moral authority within the feminization of Protestantism was conspicuous.” Keeping faith with the church by repopulating the abysmal membership into flourishing congregations, provided a reciprocal and rewarding relationship with the clergy. Women’s Christian obligations to guide and instruct family and husband within the home, had qualified her authoritative position within the church, community, and more importantly, as the instructors of men’s moral character. Women were elevated to equal rank of men, and in some respects, superior in both the private and public spheres deeming them the moral authority- next to God and Church. The Protestant clergy had in an ideologic sense, lifted women on a pedestal as the Republican mother.
  • Richard Carlile’s Every Woman’s Little Book; or, What is Love? states in less than fifty words the woman’s birth control revolution: If before sexual intercourse the female introduces into her vagina apiece of sponge as large as can be pleasantly introduced, having previously attached a bobbin or a bit of narrow ribbon and to withdraw it, it will in most cases, be found a preventative to conception.
  • *Excerpts from “The Trouble with Tom; the Strange Afterlife and Times of Thomas Paine,” by Paul Collins, pub. 2005. The book follows the strange journey and broken trail of “where are Thomas Paine’s bones buried?” Collins’ book is a running monologue filled with oddities and tidbits during Paine’s life and the people who thwarted and then befriended Paine’s legacy. There’s a brief history of Carlile and Cobbet’s adversary relationship about women’s rights, birth control, and of course Carlile’s numerous imprisonments for attacking the image of the Royal College of Surgeon’s and their horridly botched operations. Carlile accuses surgeons in the The Lancet about malpractice. His efforts were to drain corruption and the pustulence of the medical profession, and thus, landing him in jail. Carlile and his young friend John Stuart Mill had written “Every Woman’s Book” during their final days in prison. The Introduction is an image on a plate of a naked and unashamed Adam and Eve captioned ‘What Is Love?”- a line from a poem by Thomas Paine. Carlile’s pamphlet states, “If love were made the matter of sedate and philosophical conversation, the pleasures arising from it could be greatly heightened, desire would never be tyrannically suppressed….and all ignorance, all hypocrisy, which leads to so many disasters would be avoided.” Carlile believed clean and healthy sex was “of the very first importance as to the health and happiness through life.” For many years, Carlile was pilloried as vile, lecherous, and a corrupter of morals. qtd. Collins.64.Briefly, E.B. Foote and the 1870 Medical Common Sense, was a title deliberately chosen from its namesake Common Sense; Thomas Paine’s revolutionary book against the British monarchy.130. Foote believed that “freedom of affection, and “even sexual promiscuity,” do not necessarily degrade or demoralize women or generate diseases.” qtd. Collins.134.


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